The Value of Composting
By Heather Roberts
When our garden loses the green and plants start withering away, then you can make use of them for compost purposes one way or the other. If you want to make gardening and landscaping easier, then you will need to use compost. The good thing about this is that any home can generate its own compost by recycling withered plants with composters. We will cover and explain the process with the following article:
All things in your world will return to the cycle of life and for that reason alone things will decay. Organic materials such as plants will usually go faster on their way with bacteria helping decay happen faster. Bacteria responsible for the kick starting of decomposition are known as mesophilic bacteria. They thrive in temperatures around 20 to 45 degrees Celsius and a lot of them are in yogurt, cheese, wine and beer as part of the process of their creation. This stage of decomposition lasts less than a single week, during which you would do well to break down the plants you have for compost into smaller pieces, as this will speed up the process. As the temperature of your compost pile grows, the bacteria will feed faster and breed faster, this time the thermophilic bacteria will thrive on temperatures above 55°C, which are also quite resilient to dangerous conditions. Temperatures in the compost pile may easily rise over 60°C where the Thermus genus bacteria will join the other bacteria in your pile of brush, grass clippings, leaves and wood ash as part of the fuel for your compost.
The benefits of composting for your soil and plants will vary, though one of the most important ones is the fact that it will improve the structure of the soil. It makes the soil more porous and capable of enhancing its permeability to carry water and gases, in turn helping to reduce erosion. This is made possible due to the high humus content inside the soil, which will act as a great type of glue for the soil, reducing its breakdown almost entirely. Another good advantage it offers is that it helps with the dispersion of the water inside the soil as well as stabilizing and modifying its pH levels as well. Depending on the nature of your soil you may either have to raise or lower the pH to a more suitable level that is beneficial to your plants. It will also allow your soil to retain nutrients for longer by increasing its ability to exchange cations.
Above all compost is capable of providing the nutrients needed by the plants to survive and thrive, so mixing it with the soil will help stimulate growth quite quickly. Composting will also add microorganisms needed for nutrient extraction and chemical reactions that will help suppress diseases and will have an overall beneficial effect. Other good effects of using it is the fact that it will bind toxic contaminants inside the soil without it being absorbed by the roots and it may even be able to degrade some pollutants in the soil.
There are many things you can use to make your compost pile and some of them may even end up surprising you in the process. Peelings, leftover pasta, eggshells and even using bread. You may even add meat, fat and bones to the mix but the smell would be pretty horrible for obvious reasons and there may be regulations against that in your area. For landscaping and gardening you will need to work with compost and to make your garden care easier to handle.
Heather Roberts is a freelance guest blogger from London, UK. She has many published articles on various topics such as gardening, landscaping and home maintenance etc. She loves to spend her time with family and friends and she also tries to live an eco-friendly life.